Botanical Name- Ferula Asafoetida
Hindi Name- Heeng, Hing
Family- Apiaceae Oleogum
Commercial Part- Resin extracted from the rhizome and thickened root
The Latin name of the Ferula means Vehicle. It is been derived from a species named Vulgaris. Which is considered to be the same plant that helps Prometheus for carrying the stolen fire from the sun to earth. That is the reason; it has a wonderful significance in Greek mythology. In Asian countries such as India and Afghanistan, people use Jaiphal in their food as one of the spices. Just because of its smell, the herb is not considered to qualify as a food enhancement. It provides a great taste and flavor to your dish when you fry Jaiphal along with other ingredients.
About Asafoetida- Indian Asafetida which can be found in Kashmir has an exalted position in the international market. In India, asafetida has come in three different forms and it all depends on the quality. These are tears, mass, and paste. Even on the basis of place of origin, color and flavor there are two varieties of asafetida and these are Hing and Hingra.
History- It was a well-known spice found in Europe since Roman times. Even it was a much preferred spice in the middle ages. In India, some people who are Vaishno (people who don’t use to eat garlic and onion) make Asafoetida an essential ingredient of their cuisine. Also, it can also be used as a replacement of onion as well as garlic. Also, it can be used in almost all dishes. The herbal plant is native to Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran in Asia. It is a perennial plant. When the plant fully grown then its height could be up to two meters, it also possesses a fleshy taproot on the base. In bloom, the plant produces composite leaves. Also, the inflorescence of the types is called umbels that are filled with head of white flowers.
If you are preparing food then remember, a pea-sized hing is sufficient amount for a large pot of food. Also, if you are using powered foam then remember it is less intense and can be without frying. The reason behind this is powdered foam of Asafoetida has a non-perishable smell.
Uses of Asafoetida
Gum-The plant of asafetida produces gum which exuded through the roots in the plants which are fully grown. Also, the plant should be of four years old. This gum can be collected in the summer period. The process of harvesting for the gum is, firstly cut away the sterns. After that, make the slices through the roots to collect the gum from there.
Flavoring Agent- Asafoetida is preferred as a flavoring agent by the ancient Romans. The herb was also nicknamed Devil’s Dung. Even today, Asafoetida is used widely. Also, the pungency of the herbal aroma is far more persistent than the usage of garlic.
Herbal remedies- There are a lot of herbal remedies made up of asafetida. The remedies can be made even by powder or in form of a tincture. The pale yellow and orange-yellow colored essential oil made up of the herb is the best and effective home remedy. Even in aromatherapy, sometimes this oil is used in place of garlic. As per ancient Indian ayurvedic medicine system, the herbal remedies which are made up of asafetida are wonderful for a variety of nervous conditions. It is also known as a valuable spice.
Cough- Cough is considered a normal problem but it can become severe if left untreated. If you are having this problem, then you needn’t to go to the doctor as it can be treated with your kitchen items. As asafetida is a good way to treat spasmodic coughing which can be result of whooping cough. This condition is a complication, which has taken place due to pneumonia. Sometimes, it can also be a result of bronchitis and some related respiratory distress.
Internal Worms- There is a lot of researches have taken place over the asafetida and are still taking place. Some of the studies said that asafetida is an excellent remedy for the internal worms. Also, it is helpful in treating different types of intestinal parasites for some patients.
Treating Flatulence- Asafetida is known as wonderful gift for the person having problem with flatulence. The herb is used for the treatment of flatulence. Digestive weakness can also be overcome with the help of asafetida.
Fungal infections- There are many of the fungal infections which can be treated by the heeng. Some of them are candidiasis. It is also helpful in the treatment of chronic fatigue. Some of the beneficial effects of the asafetida are described below. So, you can take a look and get benefits.
Colic Treatment- The ayurvedic medical system said that asafetida has ability to treat the colic as it can provide herbal remedy for the problem. Also, it is used for the treatment of spasms in the bowel. For this, the herb has the ability to locally stimulate the membrane in the body. Also, the action which is done by the herb is particularly effective in the mucous membrane. The stimulate action of the herb is that it is effective in mucous membranes lining the alimentary tract. It’s these actions helps to lessen the symptoms of the colic problem. Also, the results are effective in reducing the flatulence affecting the patient. This herbal remedy is used as a laxative medicine and the reason is its benefits.
High Cholesterol Treatment- The herbal oil of the asafetida is used as a replacement to lessen the elevated cholesterol in patients. It is proved by surveys that when the patients use this herbal oil for regular basis as high doses, then it significantly helps to lower the cholesterol level of the body. Normally the condition is associated with those people who used to consume high fatty foods. Also, asafetida found in Worcestershire sauce if taken as a dose can’t help out to compensate the total cholesterol which is derived from consuming the steak.